Common Neurosurgery Procedures for Back Pain

Common Neurosurgery Procedures for Back Pain

Spinal neurosurgery procedures can be a path toward a more comfortable life for patients living with acute and chronic back pain. The New York Spine Institute (NYSI) doctors use numerous neurosurgery procedures to address back pain. Learn more about the conditions that cause chronic back pain and the spinal neurosurgery procedures that can help. 

Conditions Linked to Chronic Back Pain

Living with chronic back pain is uncomfortable, especially without treatment. Determining the proper remedy requires an understanding of the pain’s source. Some of the conditions commonly linked with chronic back pain are: 

  • Arthritis: Osteoarthritis often occurs in the lower back and can cause spinal cord compression.
  • Degenerative disk disease: The protective disks between vertebrae may shrink over time, destabilizing the spine and causing pain. 
  • Herniated disks: Abrupt movement or gradual wear and tear may cause bulging or ruptured disks.
  • Osteoporosis: Vertebrae may become brittle over time, increasing the risk of fractures.
  • Sciatica: Herniated disks and spinal stenosis can irritate the sciatic nerve, causing pain in the lower back and legs
  • Skeletal abnormalities: Conditions like scoliosis, or spinal curvature, can affect posture and cause pain, numbness or weakness. 
  • Spinal stenosis: Narrowing of the spinal canal happens over time, most often in older patients with osteoporosis or scoliosis. 

Types of Back and Spine Treatments

Neurosurgeons use numerous procedures to manage chronic back pain. Some may recommend neurosurgery for back pain, but there are also minimally invasive outpatient options. 

Here are some of the most common back and spine treatments: 

  • Cervical or lumbar discectomy: A minimally invasive procedure where the surgeon removes a herniated disk to relieve pressure on the sciatic nerve.
  • Spinal fusion: A traditional surgery where the surgeon fuses vertebrae to stabilize the spine to treat scoliosis, spinal stenosis, arthritis or a herniated disk. 
  • Laminectomy: Removing a segment of a lumbar vertebra to relieve pressure on the spinal cord or sciatic nerve. Microlaminectomy is a minimally invasive version of this treatment
  • Kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty: Minimally invasive treatments that reduce spinal compression from osteoporosis by adding a substance that forms a buffer between vertebrae 
  • Artificial disk replacement: An artificial cervical or lumbar vertebra can relieve pain caused by degenerative disk disease or a spinal injury

Do You Need a Neurosurgeon?

Do You Need a Neurosurgeon?

NYSI can connect you with an experienced neurosurgeon for back pain. Request an appointment to see how we can help.